Physical therapy can provide strengthening and conditioning of a joint to compensate for an injury. Physical therapists often provide varying modalities for treatment of injuries, including assisted stretching, massage and strengthening. Physical therapy is also a useful tool in retraining a joint after surgery. It is highly affective in facilitating an athlete to return to sport in a safe manner.
Dr. Domb and his team are highly trained in ultrasound-guided injections. These procedures are performed in the office at the time of your visit. The ultrasound machine assists Dr. Domb and his Physician Assistants to safely place injectable medications into or around the joint. Shoulder injection options include:
A combination of steroid medication and local anesthetic to provide pain relief and decrease inflammation caused by an intra-articular injury or arthritis. A patient can receive a cortisone injection every 3-4 months.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is an injection of your own platelets and growth factors, similar to stem cell treatment, extracted from your blood. The blood draw and injection are done at the same office visit, an outpatient clinical procedure.
PRP has shown great promise in stimulating repair of body tissues including tendons, ligaments and cartilage. PRP mimics the body's innate response to an injury by stimulating platelet activation. The activation of platelets plays a dynamic role in soft tissue healing. Research shows that PRP is superior to other injections in the treatment of osteoarthritis and healing of chronic tendinitis.
In osteoarthritis, PRP can enhance the body's normal healing response in an acute manner for a chronic condition. This can result in the development of new collagen, a benefit that other injections are unable to offer.
In tendinitis, the growth factors in PRP can signal the body to initiate a healing response in the local injected tissues. Healing is the first step in injured tissues regenerating their strength and function. It has been used extensively in professional athletes who seek hurried return to play. Star athlete success stories include: Kobe Bryant (NBA), Tiger Woods (PGA tour), Alex Rodriquez (MLB), Hines Ward (NFL) and Rafael Nadal (ATP).
If you have an injury or condition involving a tendon, ligament, joint or osteoarthritis, PRP may be a nonsurgical option for you.
Stem cell therapy is a form of regenerative medicine that utilizes the body’s natural healing mechanism to treat various conditions.
Stem cells are being used in regenerative medicine to renew and repair diseased or damaged tissues and have shown promising results in treatments of various orthopedic, cardiovascular, neuromuscular and autoimmune conditions.
Stem cells are present in all of us acting like a repair system for the body. However, with increased age sometimes the optimum amount of stem cells are not delivered to the injured area. The goal of Stem Cell therapy is to amplify the natural repair system of the patient’s body.
There are two major types of stem cells embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are stem cells derived from human embryos. They are pluripotent, which means they have the ability to develop into almost any of the various cell types of the body.
As the embryo develops and forms a baby, stem cells are distributed throughout the body where they reside in specific pockets of each tissue, such as the bone marrow and blood. As we age, these cells function to renew old and worn out tissue cells. These are called adult stem cells or somatic stem cells. Like embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells can also replicate into more than one cell type, but their replication is restricted to a limited number of cell types.
The unique self-regeneration and differentiating ability of embryonic stem cells can be used in regenerative medicine. These stem cells can be derived from eggs collected during IVF procedures with informed consent from the patient. However, many questions have been raised on the ethics of destroying a potential human life for the treatment of another.
Adult stem cells are most commonly obtained from the bone marrow, specifically the mesenchymal stem cells, which have the ability to replicate into cells that form the musculoskeletal system such as tendons, ligaments, and articular cartilage. They can be obtained from the iliac crest of the pelvic bone by inserting a needle and extracting the stem cells from the bone marrow.
Currently, stem cell therapy is used to treat various degenerative conditions of the shoulder, knees, hips, and spine. They are also being used in the treatment of various soft tissue (muscle, ligaments and tendons) as well as bone-related injuries.
You may be a good candidate for stem cell therapy if you have been suffering from joint pain and want to improve your quality of life while avoiding complications related to invasive surgical procedures.
The procedure begins with your doctor extracting stem cells from your own bone marrow. Bone marrow is usually aspirated from your hip region. Your doctor will first clean and numb your hip area. A needle is then introduced into an area of your pelvic bone known as the iliac crest. Bone marrow is then aspirated using a special syringe and the sample obtained is sent to the laboratory. In the laboratory, the aspirate is spun in a machine for 10 to 15 minutes and a concentrated stem cell sample is separated.
Your doctor then cleans and numbs your affected area to be treated and then, under the guidance of special x-rays, injects the stem cells into the diseased region. The whole procedure usually takes less than one hour and you may return home on the same day of the procedure.
Stem cell therapy is generally considered a safe procedure with minimal complications, however, as with any medical procedure, complications can occur.
Some risks factors related to stem cell therapy include infection as the stem cells may become contaminated with bacteria, viruses or other pathogens that may cause disease during the preparation process.
The procedure to either remove or inject the cells also has the risk of introducing an infection to the damaged tissue into which they are injected. Rarely, an immune reaction may occur from injected stem cells.