Many people experience hip pain at some point in their lives. Although there are non-invasive treatments to ease discomfort, some issues are more challenging to address. In complex cases, hip surgery may be necessary.
When working with an experienced orthopedic surgeon, the success rate of any type of procedure is likely high. But, before we get into the hip labral tear surgery success rate, let's first define hip labral tears.
What Is a Hip Labral Tear?
The labrum is a tissue that lines the socket of the hip joint. It helps provide stability, cushion and protection of the joints, allowing for unimpeded and comfortable hip and leg movements. It also serves as a seal, keeping the ball and socket together without touching. A tear can occur due to an injury to the labrum or overtime wear and tear.
Common Causes of Hip Labral Tears
Tears in the hip labrum can occur due to a variety of reasons. The most common cause is trauma to the hips, which can happen to people who play sports with high-impact and repetitive movements, such as hockey, soccer and golf. In addition, bone structure abnormalities and degenerative health conditions can also cause a labral tear due to the unusual wear and tear of the joint.
Symptoms of a hip labral tear include:
- Hip pain
- Pain in the groin area
- Pain in the buttocks area
- Clicking or snapping in the hips when moving
Labral Tear Surgery Techniques
A non-surgical approach is often used during the initial stages of labral tear treatment. However, the tissue's fibrocartilaginous make-up has a limited blood supply and can't quickly repair itself. For this reason, the long-term use of non-surgical treatment procedures is not advised.
The most widespread hip surgical procedure is called hip arthroscopy. This involves an incision through the skin where the doctor inserts an arthroscope, a small camera, into your hip joint. The camera captures images that are displayed on a video monitor. Then, the doctor uses these images to guide the surgical instruments used to repair or reconstruct a torn labrum. The surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure that lasts for 90 minutes.
The arthroscope and surgical instrument are thin, meaning the incisions will be tiny. This results in lesser pain and recovery time for patients.
Surgical Effectiveness: What Is the Hip-Labral Tear Surgery Success Rate?
Using an arthroscope avoids open surgery, so the hip arthroscopy success rate is high. However, it's essential to keep in mind that all surgeries come with some risks. The good news is it's rare to experience permanent complications following hip arthroscopy. Most are only temporary and are linked with the standard general risk of anesthesia.
According to studies, about five percent of patients who underwent labral tear surgery reported a temporary numbness in their groin area. The lack of sensation typically goes away after a couple of days. Another study also discovered a significant incidence of a repeat procedure within two years in patients who have had a labral tear surgery. However, more research is still needed to establish what patients consider "successful."
Despite the risks, the hip arthroscopy success rate ranges from 85 to 90 percent. The procedure is considered the safest and most effective method for repairing a labral tear, especially if other deformities or injuries are present. Talking to a doctor about the benefits and risks is recommended since a health professional is the best person to evaluate your condition to determine the best treatment for you.
What To Expect During Recovery
Recovery time depends on unique personal anatomy. Discomfort in the hip area is normal, but you might also experience soreness in the buttocks, ankles, knees and lower back. Medication can be taken to reduce pain. Generally, patients need three months for complete recovery after hip arthroscopy, but they experience minimal pain throughout this period. Activities that need to be avoided include:
- Prolonged standing
- Prolonged walking
- Heavy lifting
- Sleeping on your side
Most people can return to work two to three days after the operation, depending on the nature of the work. However, athletes need three to six months before being allowed to return to their sport.
Get the Best Hip Treatment at The American Hip Institute
Even with a predetermined high hip labral tear surgery success rate, working with a reputable orthopedic surgeon for your hip problems is still essential to ensure you receive the most advanced treatment with next-level precision. So seek help from a certified and nationally recognized specialist like Dr. Benjamin Domb from The American Hip Institute.
American Hip Institute is the nation's leader in innovative treatment options for the hip. We provide the best outcomes and experiences for all our patients. If you'd like to know more about hip arthroscopy treatment, don't hesitate to reach out, and we'd be glad to answer any questions you may have. Contact us today to talk to an American Hip Institute specialist.